Hotels, history and sights of Debrecen, Eastern Hungary
Debrecen, the country's second largest city received the title "Calvinist Rome" in the 16th century because of its pivotal role in the Reformation. A town of learning since the Middle Ages, and the "capital" of the War of Independence in 1848-49.
Highlights of the city's cultural offer: the colourful Flower Carnival on 20 August, Jazz Days, and the very popular Summer University for those who wish to learn Hungarian. The CALVINIST GREAT CHURCH has become the symbol of Debrecen. With a puritan interior, seating for 3000 makes it the country's largest Calvinist church. An important relic is is the armchair of Lajos Kossuth (1802-1894). The dethronement of the House of Habsburgs was declared here. Organ concerts are held in the church, and there is a fireworks display in front of the church every 20 August.
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Grand Hotel Aranybika is located in the heart of Debrecen, next to the Reformed Great Curch. The present Art Nouveau building was built by the plans of Alfred Hajos, Hungary's first olimpic champion, in 1915. The hotel offers 205 rooms (50 of them are air-conditioned), and many more facilities for those who want to spend their holiday or business stay in full comfort.
History and main sights of Debrecen
The CALVINIST COLLEGE (Kálvin tér 16.) is known as the "school of the country"; a MUSEUM in the 180-year-old building has furnishings from an original Calvinist school, old Hungarian goldsmiths' masterpieces, beautifully embroidered table cloths, painted furniture, and a LIBRARY containing many rare tomes.
The ARANYBIKA (Golden Bull) HOTEL (Piac u. 11-15.) is .the country's oldest still operating hotel. The neoclassical CITY HALL (Piac u. 20.) is reckoned one of the most beautiful of its kind.
Other places well worth the visit: Calvinist SMALL CHURCH (Révész tér) with broken tower, the "VERES CHURCH" (Kossuth L. u.), the SYNAGOGUE (Pásti u.), the GREEK CATHOLIC CHURCH (Attila tér), the LAJOS KOSSUTH University OF SCIENCE (Egyetem tér 1.), the CATHEDRAL OF ST. ANNA (Szent Anna u. 15.).
The MILL (comer of Böszörményi út) is Central Europe's largest windmill, an industrial historical monument. NAGYERDŐ (Great Forest) is the town's popular park which has been a nature conservation area for CO years; it has a zoo, amusement park and botanical garden.
The waters of the NAGYERDEI MEDICINAL BATHS (Nagyerdei park 1.) are efficacious for the treatment of chronic arthritis, rheumatism, chondralgia, gynecological diseases, orthopedic disorders and neuralgia.
Debrecen's most famous museum, the DÉRI MUSEUM (Déri tér 1.), hosts one of the richest collections in the country: local history, bird and mineral exhibition, fine arts, applied arts and ethnographical materials. Also in the museum and of enormous cultural value is the huge and dramatic "trilogy" - Pilate before Christ, Ecce homo, and Golgotha - painted by the internationally-famed Hungarian artist Mihály Munkácsy (1844-1900).
The history of the postal service and telecommunications is traced in the DELIZSÁNSZ EXHIBITION HALL (opposite the Déri Museum).
The ERDŐSPUSZTA DISPLAY HOUSE has an exhibition of the flora, fauna and farming of the forests and grasslands around Debrecen, and a wood processing display can be seen in the arboretum.